Sunday, December 28, 2008

Which are different types of discrete jobs ?

Which are different types of discrete jobs ?

There are 2 types of discrete jobs 1) Standard and 2) Non-Standard
Non Standard discrete jobs are further devided in to Non standard Asset jobs and non-standard expense jobs. Standard discrete jobs control the material, resources, and operations which are required to build an assembly and collect its manufacturing cost.

Some comparison is done as below:

1) Non-standard discrete jobs control material and collect costs for miscellaneous manufacturing activity. They may or may not build an assembly. This type of activity can include rework, field service repair, upgrade, disassembly, maintenance, engineering prototypes and other projects.

2) Non-standard jobs are more flexible than standard jobs. Because of this, they can be used to manage such different activities as rework, field service repair, upgrades, disassembly, maintenance, engineering prototypes and other miscellaneous projects.

3) MS/MRP module does not create planned orders or reschedule recommendations for non-standard jobs like standard jobs. You must manually define and reschedule non-standard jobs. However, if a non-standard job is assigned an assembly bill of material, a routing, or both, MS/MRP considers the job’s material requirements as demand and its assemblies as supply. Oracle Capacity module considers resource load for non-standard jobs.

4) MS/MRP does not deduct scrapped assemblies from the MRP net quantity, or deduct the MRP net quantity by the item shrinkage rate for non-standard jobs. As such, you must identify planned assembly shrinkage by entering an MRP net quantity that is less than the job quantity.

5) Non-standard expense jobs are period costed and are not subject to cost updates, whereas standard discrete and asset type non-standard jobs are job costed i.e. costed when job is closed and are automatically revalued by the cost update.

6) Non-standard discrete jobs do not earn overhead on completion. Instead material overhead at completion is posted directly to the subinventory material overhead account.

7) Work in Process does not implement engineering change orders (ECOs) on non-standard jobs like it does on standard jobs

8) You can use a bill and routing from another assembly in non-standard jobs. For example, you can set up a standard upgrade routing to use for a group of assemblies.

9) For non-standard jobs, you can define bill of material loops, that is, you can define the assembly itself as a requirement on its bill. This is useful for upgrade, disassembly, and repair activities.

10) You can return a greater quantity of assemblies to non-standard discrete jobs than you completed into inventory.

11) Non standard asset jobs create assets/assemblies and are job costed. For example repair jobs where as Non-standard expense jobs do not create any assets and are period costed,For example maintenance jobs. Due to this, you need to define separate WIP accounting class for each.

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